May be when all devices become touch, Chrome's swipe navigation (back/forward) would make much more sense, but by now it comes really annoying.
I found a simple terminal command to get rid of this:
defaults write com.google.Chrome.plist AppleEnableSwipeNavigateWithScrolls -bool FALSE
Aaaand, I found it here after Gil Broochian figured out and posted it
Hope it helps you : )