Started learning to use Vim .. Some simple commands to get started
Vim has two mode .
1. Insert mode (Where you can just type like normal text editor. Press i for insert mode)
2. Command mode (Where you give commands to the editor to get things done . Press ESC for command mode)
Most of them below are in command mode
- x - to delete the unwanted character
- u - to undo the last the command and U to undo the whole line
- CTRL-R to redo
- A - to append text at the end
- :wq - to save and exit
- :q! - to trash all changes
- dw - move the cursor to the beginning of the word to delete that word
- 2w - to move the cursor two words forward.
- 3e - to move the cursor to the end of the third word forward.
- 0 (zero) to move to the start of the line.
- d2w - which deletes 2 words .. number can be changed for deleting the number of consecutive words like d3w
- dd to delete the line and 2dd to delete to line .number can be changed for deleting the number of consecutive words
The format for a change command is: operator [number] motion
-operator - is what to do, such as d for delete
- [number] - is an optional count to repeat the motion
- motion - moves over the text to operate on, such as w (word),
$ (to the end of line), etc.
p - puts the previously deleted text after the cursor(Type dd to delete the line and store it in a Vim register. and p to put the line)
r - to replace the letter e.g press re to replace the letter with e
ce - to change until the end of a word (place the cursor on the u in lubw it will delete ubw )
ce - deletes the word and places you in Insert mode
G - to move you to the bottom of the file.
gg - to move you to the start of the file.
Type the number of the line you were on and then G
% to find a matching ),], or }
:s/old/new/g to substitute 'new' for 'old' where g is globally
/ backward search n to find the next occurrence and N to search in opposite direction
? forward search
:! to run the shell commands like :!dir, :!ls
:w - TEST (where TEST is the filename you chose.) . Save the file
v - starts visual mode for selecting the lines and you can perform operation on that like d delete
:r - Filename will insert the content into the current file
R - to replace more than one character
y - operator to copy text using v visual mode and p to paste it
yw - (copy)yanks one word
o - opens a line below the cursor and start Insert mode.
O - opens a line above the cursor.
a - inserts text after the cursor.
A - inserts text after the end of the line.
e - command moves to the end of a word.
y - operator yanks (copies) text, p puts (pastes) it.
R - enters Replace mode until <ESC> is pressed.
ctrl-w to jump from one window to another
type a command :e and press ctrl+D to list all the command name starts with :e and press tab to complete the command