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Last Updated: February 25, 2016
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Setup a MongoDB Container With a Docker File

User a dockerfile to automate creating a container.

Docker has a simple DSL that lets you automate all of these steps to make a conainer.

Docker file syntax

Every line in a docker file has the following structure: INSTRUCTION arguments

Comments are ignored, and the first line in the docker file should contain the command FROM <image

Commands available full details

  • FROM (select the base image)
  • MAINTAINER (Set the author field for images)
  • RUN (run a command, and commit)
  • CMD (the default execution command for the container)
  • EXPOSE (set the port to be publicly exposed)
  • ENV (set environment variables)
  • ADD (add files from source and copy them to the container)
  • ENTRYPOINT (configure the container to run as an executable)
  • VOLUME (add a volume)
  • USER (set the user)
  • WORKDIR (set working directory)

MongoDB dockerfile

We create a dockerfile, and just use all the same commands we used previously touch Dockerfile

FROM ubuntu:latest

RUN apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10
RUN echo 'deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen' | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/10gen.list

RUN dpkg-divert --local --rename --add /sbin/initctl
RUN ln -s /bin/true /sbin/initctl

RUN apt-get update
RUN apt-get install mongodb-10gen

RUN mkdir -p /data/db

EXPOSE 27017
CMD ["usr/bin/mongod", "--smallfiles"]

Then we issue:

sudo docker build -t codiez/mongodb .

and start it up with...

sudo docker run -d codiez/mongodb

Originally posted to: http://blog.codiez.co.za/2013/09/setup-mongodb-container-docker-file/

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