vsszya
Last Updated: November 08, 2017
·
6
· thedevsaddam

Simple, lightweight and faster response (JSON, JSONP, XML, YAML, HTML, File) rendering package for Go

Package renderer

Simple, lightweight and faster response (JSON, JSONP, XML, YAML, HTML, File) rendering package for Go

Installation

Install the package using
go $ go get github.com/thedevsaddam/renderer/..

Usage

To use the package import it in your *.go code
go import "github.com/thedevsaddam/renderer"

Example

package main

import (
    "io"
    "log"
    "net/http"
    "os"

    "github.com/thedevsaddam/renderer"
)

func main() {
    r := renderer.New()

    mux := http.NewServeMux()

    usr := struct {
        Name string
        Age  int
    }{"John Doe", 30}

    // serving String as text/plain
    mux.HandleFunc("/", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.String(w, http.StatusOK, "Welcome to renderer")
    })

    // serving success but no content
    mux.HandleFunc("/no-content", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.NoContent(w)
    })

    // serving JSON
    mux.HandleFunc("/json", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.JSON(w, http.StatusOK, usr)
    })

    // serving JSONP
    mux.HandleFunc("/jsonp", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.JSONP(w, http.StatusOK, "callback", usr)
    })

    // serving XML
    mux.HandleFunc("/xml", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.XML(w, http.StatusOK, usr)
    })

    // serving YAML
    mux.HandleFunc("/yaml", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.YAML(w, http.StatusOK, usr)
    })

    // serving File as arbitary binary data
    mux.HandleFunc("/binary", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        var reader io.Reader
        reader, _ = os.Open("../README.md")
        r.Binary(w, http.StatusOK, reader, "readme.md", true)
    })

    // serving File as inline
    mux.HandleFunc("/file-inline", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.FileView(w, http.StatusOK, "../README.md", "readme.md")
    })

    // serving File as attachment
    mux.HandleFunc("/file-download", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.FileDownload(w, http.StatusOK, "../README.md", "readme.md")
    })

    // serving File from reader as inline
    mux.HandleFunc("/file-reader", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        var reader io.Reader
        reader, _ = os.Open("../README.md")
        r.File(w, http.StatusOK, reader, "readme.md", true)
    })

    // serving custom response using render and chaining methods
    mux.HandleFunc("/render", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        w.Header().Set(renderer.ContentType, renderer.ContentText)
        r.Render(w, http.StatusOK, []byte("Send the message as text response"))
    })

    port := ":9000"
    log.Println("Listening on port", port)
    http.ListenAndServe(port, mux)
}

How to render html template?

Well, you can parse html template using HTML, View, Template any of these method. These are based on html/template package.

When using Template method you can simply pass the base layouts, templates path as a slice of string.

Template example

You can parse template on the fly using Template method. You can set delimiter, inject FuncMap easily.

template/layout.tmpl
html <html> <head> <title>{{ template "title" . }}</title> </head> <body> {{ template "content" . }} </body> {{ block "sidebar" .}}{{end}} </html>
template/index.tmpl
```html
{{ define "title" }}Home{{ end }}

{{ define "content" }}
<h1>Hello, {{ .Name | toUpper }}</h1>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.</p>
{{ end }}
template/partial.tmplhtml
{{define "sidebar"}}
simple sidebar code
{{end}}


template.go
```go
package main

import (
    "html/template"
    "log"
    "net/http"
    "strings"

    "github.com/thedevsaddam/renderer"
)

var r *renderer.Render
var err error

func init() {
    r = renderer.New()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
}

func toUpper(s string) string {
    return strings.ToUpper(s)
}

func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
    usr := struct {
        Name string
        Age  int
    }{"john doe", 30}

    tpls := []string{"template/layout.tmpl", "template/index.tmpl", "template/partial.tmpl"}
    r.FuncMap(template.FuncMap{
        "toUpper": toUpper,
    })
    err = r.Template(w, http.StatusOK, tpls, usr)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err) //respond with error page or message
    }
}

func main() {
    http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
    log.Println("Listening port: 9000")
    http.ListenAndServe(":9000", nil)
}

HTML example

When using HTML you can parse a template directory using pattern and call the template by their name. See the example code below:

html/index.html
html {{define "indexPage"}} <html> {{template "header"}} <body> <h3>Index</h3> <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit</p> </body> {{template "footer"}} </html> {{end}}

html/header.html
html {{define "header"}} <head> <title>Header</title> <h1>Header section</h1> </head> {{end}}

html/footer.html
html {{define "footer"}} <footer>Copyright &copy; 2020</footer> {{end}}

html.go
```go
package main

import (
"log"
"net/http"

"github.com/thedevsaddam/renderer"

)

var r *renderer.Render

func init() {
r = renderer.New(
renderer.Options{
ParseGlobPattern: "html/*.html",
},
)
}

func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
err := r.HTML(w, http.StatusOK, "indexPage", nil)
if err != nil {
log.Fatal(err)
}
}

func main() {
http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
log.Println("Listening port: 9000")
http.ListenAndServe(":9000", nil)
}
```

View example

When using View for parsing template you can pass multiple layout and templates. Here template name will be the file name. See the example to get the idea.

view/base.lout
html <html> <head> <title>{{block "title" .}} {{end}}</title> </head> <body> {{ template "content" . }} </body> </html>

view/home.tpl
html {{define "title"}}Home{{end}} {{define "content"}} <h3>Home page</h3> <ul> <li><a href="/">Home</a></li> <li><a href="/about">About Me</a></li> </ul> <p> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet</p> {{end}}
view/about.tpl
html {{define "title"}}About Me{{end}} {{define "content"}} <h2>This is About me page.</h2> <ul> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, </ul> <p><a href="/">Home</a></p> {{end}}

view.go
```go
package main

import (
"log"
"net/http"

"github.com/thedevsaddam/renderer"

)

var r *renderer.Render
var err error

func init() {
r = renderer.New(renderer.Options{
TemplateDir: "view",
})
if err != nil {
log.Fatal(err)
}
}

func home(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
err = r.VIEW(w, http.StatusOK, "home", nil)
if err != nil {
log.Fatal(err)
}
}

func about(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
err = r.VIEW(w, http.StatusOK, "about", nil)
if err != nil {
log.Fatal(err)
}
}

func main() {
http.HandleFunc("/", home)
http.HandleFunc("/about", about)
log.Println("Listening port: 9000\n / is root \n /about is about page")
http.ListenAndServe(":9000", nil)
}
```

Note: This is a wrapper on top of go built-in packages to provide syntactic sugar.

Contribution

Your suggestions will be more than appreciated.
Read the contribution guide here

See all contributors

Read API doc to know about Available options and Methods

License

The renderer is an open-source software licensed under the MIT License.

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