9fu5fw
Last Updated: February 25, 2016
·
3.179K
· mnbbrown
768e05071b05a6fa5c396fa129c6f013

Go implementation of a JSON consuming RESTful API.

The following is a very barebones PoC implementation of a somewhat RESTful (more CRUD) API that consumes JSON. It's a WIP. Amongst other things the error checking could be better.

The GenUUID function is based upon nu7hatch implementation: https://github.com/nu7hatch/gouuid

package main

import (
    "crypto/rand"
    "encoding/json"
    "fmt"
    "github.com/gorilla/mux"
    "net/http"
)

type Employee struct {
    UUID     string `json:"uuid"`
    Name     string `json:"name"`
    Position string `json:"position"`
}

var employees map[string]*Employee

func HandleEmployee(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
    vars := mux.Vars(req)

    switch req.Method {
    case "GET": //READ employee
        fmt.Println("GET /employees/" + vars["uuid"])

        employee := employees[vars["uuid"]]

        js, err := json.Marshal(employee)
        if err != nil {
            http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
            return
        }

        fmt.Fprint(rw, string(js))
        return

    case "PUT": // UPDATE employee
        fmt.Println("PUT /employees/" + vars["uuid"])

        employee := employees[vars["uuid"]]

        dec := json.NewDecoder(req.Body)
        err := dec.Decode(&employee)
        if err != nil {
            http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
            return
        }

        employee.UUID = vars["uuid"]

        retjs, err := json.Marshal(employee)
        if err != nil {
            http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
            return
        }

        fmt.Fprint(rw, string(retjs))

    case "DELETE":
        fmt.Println("DELETE /employees/" + vars["uuid"])

        delete(employees, vars["uuid"])
        fmt.Fprint(rw, "Success")

    }
}

func HandleEmployees(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
    switch req.Method {
    case "GET": // INDEX employees

        js, err := json.Marshal(employees)
        if err != nil {
            http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
            return
        }

        fmt.Fprint(rw, string(js))

    case "POST": // CREATE employee
        employee := new(Employee)
        employee.UUID = GenUUID()

        dec := json.NewDecoder(req.Body)
        err := dec.Decode(&employee)
        if err != nil {
            http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
            return
        }

        employees[employee.UUID] = employee

        retjs, err := json.Marshal(employee)
        if err != nil {
            http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
            return
        }

        fmt.Fprint(rw, string(retjs))
    }
}

func GenUUID() string {
    uuid := make([]byte, 16)
    _, err := rand.Read(uuid[:])
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    uuid[8] = (uuid[8] | 0x40) & 0x7F
    uuid[6] = (uuid[6] & 0xF) | (4 << 4)
    return fmt.Sprintf("%x-%x-%x-%x-%x", uuid[0:4], uuid[4:6], uuid[6:8], uuid[8:10], uuid[10:])
}

func main() {
    employees = map[string]*Employee{
        "abcde": &Employee{UUID: "abcde", Name: "Matthew Brown", Position: "Gopher"},
        "xyz":   &Employee{UUID: "xyz", Name: "Alexander Brown", Position: "Gopher's Assistant"},
    }

    router := mux.NewRouter()
    router.HandleFunc("/employees/{uuid}", HandleEmployee)
    router.HandleFunc("/employees", HandleEmployees)
    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", router)
}
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